Catalan grammar. Questions

Questions and question words

In Catalan (as in English), you can ask questions using question words (interrogatives) or through tone of voice.

The 'question words' covered here are on? 'where', qui? 'who', quan? 'when', quant? 'how much/many, com? 'how', què? 'what' and per què 'why'.

Each has separate examples sentences, tests and audio recorded by a native speaker.

On? where? Start

On? is used in a similar way to the English, and is followed by a verb.

Where are you from?D'on ets?
Where do you live?On vius?
Where do your parents live?On viuen els teus pares?
Where are you?On ets?
Where is our car?On és el nostre cotxe?
Where is your car?On és el teu cotxe?
Where is the museum?On és el museu?
Where is my suitcase?On és la meva maleta?
Where were you on Monday?On eres dilluns?

Quan? when and qui? who Start

When does the restaurant open?Quan obre el restaurant?
When do we eat lunch?Quan dinem?
When do we leave?Quan ens n'anem?
When do we arrive?Quan arribem?
When did you leave the house?Quan vas marxar de casa?
Who is she?Qui és ella?
Who are they?Qui són?
Who is he?Qui és ell?
Who are you?Qui ets?

Quant? 'how much/many' and com? how Start

Quant agrees in number and gender with noun that follows.

For example, the Catalan word meaning 'room' is habitació which in the example below is feminine plural, and es is added to quant making quantes.

How much does this cost?Quant val?
How much does it cost?Quant costa?
How much rooms are there?Quantes habitacions hi ha?
How old are you?Quants anys tens?
How old are your children?Quants anys tenen els teus fills?
How many children do you have?Quants fills tens?
How does it work?Com funciona?
How's things?Com va?
What is your name (how do you call yourself)?Com et dius?
How are you?Com estàs?
How are your parents?Com estan els teus pares?

Què? what and per què why Start

Remember that Per què means 'why' but perquè means 'because'.

What is it?Què és?
What do you do?Què fas
What have you seen?Què has vist?
Why are you angry?Per què estàs enfadat
Why are you late?Per què fas tard?

Questions through intonation

A statement can become a question through tone of voice.

For example, Estàs casat 'you are married' can also mean Estàs casat? 'Are you married?' depending on the intonation.