This is a brief outline of regular Catalan verbs. Easy Catalan only looks at the
There are three conjugations and these are distinguished by the ending of the infinitive, which is ar for the first conjugation, er or re for the second and ir for the third.
The majority of verbs (86% according to the wiki) belong to the first conjugation (as is the case in Spanish). So learn this conjugation first.
First conjugation. Present tense
Parlar 'to talk/speak' is a regular Catalan verb from the first conjugation.
|I speak||parlo |
|You speak||parles |
|He speaks||parla |
|We speak||parlem |
|You speak||parleu |
|They speak||parlen |
First conjugation. Preterite tense
The (periphrastic) preterite is used to describe completed actions. Actions that have taken place and are complete, and have not taken place today.
These actions are not considered to be connected to the present.
|I spoke||vaig parlar |
|You spoke||vas parlar |
|He spoke||va parlar |
|We spoke||vam parlar |
|You spoke||vau parlar |
|They spoke||van parlar |
|They spoke to the policeman||Van parlar amb el policia |
|They ran to school||Van córrer a l'escola |
First conjugation. Perfect tense
The perfect is used to describe events that have happened today, and may or may not include time markers, such as 'today', 'at two o'clock' and so on.
|I spoke||he parlat |
|You spoke||has parlat |
|He spoke||ha parlat |
|We spoke||hem parlat |
|You spoke||heu parlat |
|They spoke||han parlat |
|Today, she is sad because she lost her job||Avui, està trista perquè s'ha quedat sense feina |
|I visited my (female) friend||He visitat la meva amiga |
First conjugation. Imperfect tense
The imperfect is used to describe actions which took place in the past with no specific beginning or end. Such as 'it was a sunny day' or 'I was reading (imperfect) when the telephone rang (perfect).'
|I was speaking||parlava |
|You were speaking||parlaves |
|He was speaking||parlava |
|We were speaking||parlàvem |
|You were speaking||parlàveu |
|They were speaking||parlaven |
In Catalan in common with other romance languages, many of the commonly used verbs are irregular, for example, ser 'to be' or anar 'to go' and many of these belong to the second conjugation.
The second conjugation itself comprises about 4% of all Catalan verbs. The most important to learn are the irregular verbs.
Córrer 'to run' is a Catalan verb from the second conjugation.