Catalan verbs

This is a brief outline of regular Catalan verbs. Easy Catalan only looks at the present, preterite and imperfect tenses.

There are three conjugations and these are distinguished by the ending of the infinitive, which is ar for the first conjugation, er or re for the second and ir for the third.

Example sentences

Perfect past tense Learn
Preterite past tense Learn
Past tense Learn
Imperfect tense Learn

First conjugation

The majority of verbs (86% according to the wiki) belong to the first conjugation (as is the case in Spanish). So learn this conjugation first.

First conjugation. Present tense

Parlar 'to talk/speak' is a regular Catalan verb from the first conjugation.

I speakparlo
You speakparles
He speaksparla
We speakparlem
You speakparleu
They speakparlen

First conjugation. Preterite tense

The (periphrastic) preterite is used to describe completed actions. Actions that have taken place and are complete, and have not taken place today.

These actions are not considered to be connected to the present.

I spokevaig parlar
You spokevas parlar
He spokeva parlar
We spokevam parlar
You spokevau parlar
They spokevan parlar
They spoke to the policemanVan parlar amb el policia
They ran to schoolVan córrer a l'escola

First conjugation. Perfect tense

The perfect is used to describe events that have happened today, and may or may not include time markers, such as 'today', 'at two o'clock' and so on.

I spokehe parlat
You spokehas parlat
He spokeha parlat
We spokehem parlat
You spokeheu parlat
They spokehan parlat
Today, she is sad because she lost her jobAvui, està trista perquè s'ha quedat sense feina
I visited my (female) friendHe visitat la meva amiga

First conjugation. Imperfect tense

The imperfect is used to describe actions which took place in the past with no specific beginning or end. Such as 'it was a sunny day' or 'I was reading (imperfect) when the telephone rang (perfect).'

I was speakingparlava
You were speakingparlaves
He was speakingparlava
We were speakingparlàvem
You were speakingparlàveu
They were speakingparlaven

Second conjugation

In Catalan in common with other romance languages, many of the commonly used verbs are irregular, for example, ser 'to be' or anar 'to go' and many of these belong to the second conjugation.

The second conjugation itself comprises about 4% of all Catalan verbs. The most important to learn are the irregular verbs.

Córrer 'to run' is a Catalan verb from the second conjugation.

Conjugation 2. Present

I runcorro
You runcorres
He runscorre
We runcorrem
You runcorreu
They runcorren

Conjugation 2. Preterite

I ranvaig córrer
You ranvas córrer
He ranva córrer
We ranvam córrer
You ranvau córrer
They ranvan córrer

Conjugation 2. Imperfect

I was runningcorria
You were runningcorries
He was runningcorria
We were runningcorríem
You were runningcorríeu
They were runningcorrien

Third conjugation

The remaining 10% of verbs belong to the third conjugation.

Dormir 'to sleep' is a Catalan verb from the third conjugation.

Conjugation 3. Present tense

I sleepdormo
You sleepdorms
He sleepdorm
We sleepdormim
You sleepdormiu
They sleepdormem

Conjugation 3. Preterite tense

I sleptvaig dormir
You sleptvas dormir
He sleptva dormir
We sleptvam dormir
You sleptvau dormir
They sleptvan dormir

Conjugation 3. Imperfect tense

I was sleepingdormia
You were sleepingdormies
He was sleepingdormia
We were sleepingdormíem
You were sleepingdormíeu
They were sleepingdormien